Lessons in Hebrew | Part 1

Today in Bible Study, Pastor Lathan had us really digging in—learning Hebrew. We'll be posting notes here each week so be sure to check back. They are essential to staying on track. Take this journey with us to unlock the meaning behind God's Word, His name, and ultimately His idea.

Teaching from Exodus 19:3-6 (OJB):

“And Moshe went up to HaElohim, and Hashem called out unto him from HaHar, saying, Thus shalt thou say to the Bais Ya'akov, and declare unto the Bnei Yisroel; 


You yourselves have seen what I did unto the Mitzrayim, and

how I carried you on eagles' wings, 

brought you unto Myself. 


Now therefore, if ye will obey My voice very (truly) carefully, 

be shomer over My brit, 


THEN ye shall be a segullah (treasured possession) unto Me above all people

for kol ha'aretz is Mine (Ps 24); 

ye shall be unto Me a mamlechet kohanim, 

and a goy kadosh. 

These are the words which thou shalt recount unto the Bnei Yisroel.”

‭‭Shemot‬ ‭19:3-6‬ ‭OJB‬‬

1) First mention (Holy) [important because of what they had been in]

Obey the voice ...believe in the source...accept speaker


2) THE NAME | שם shem 340

A primitive word (perhaps rather from 7760 through the idea of definite and conspicuous position; compare 8064); an appellation, as a mark or memorial of individuality; by implication honorauthoritycharacter:-- + base, [in-] fame [-ous], name (-d), renown, report.

S.  Shin (3 with yuds) 300 ✡ eternal flame | two front teeth 

M.  Mem 40 ✡ (water) fountain of Wisdom | water

3) THE VOICE |   קול qowl 136

From an unused root meaning to call aloud; a voice or sound:-- + aloud, bleating, crackling, cry (+ out), fame, lightness, lowing, noise, + hold peace, [pro-] claim, proclamation, + sing, sound, + spark, thunder (-ing), voice, + yell.

Q. Kuf (reish zayin) 100 ✡ omnipresence redemption of fallen sparks | sun on horizon

W. Vav 6 ✡ connection scepter | tent peg

L. Lamed 30 ✡ contemplation of heart | shepherd staff

4) THE COVENANT ברית bariyth 612

From 1262 (in the sense of cutting (like 1254)); a compact(because made by passing between pieces of flesh):--confederacy, [con-]feder[-ate], covenant, league.

B. Beit 2 ✡ Gods dwelling below house | tent

R. Reish (a man bent over) 200 ✡ process the Art of clarification head | head of a man

Y. Yud 10 ✡ infinite point | arm closed hand

TH.  Tav (Dalet + nun) 400 ✡ impression the seal of creation | crossed sticks

5) OBEY שמע shama` 410

A primitive root; to hear intelligently (often with implication of attention, obedience, etc.; causatively to tell, etc.):-- X attentively, call (gather) together, X carefully, X certainly, consent, consider, be content, declare, X diligently, discern, give ear, (cause to, let, make to) hear (-ken, tell), X indeed, listen, make (a) noise, (be) obedient, obey, perceive, (make a) proclaim (-ation), publish, regard, report, shew (forth), (make a) sound, X surely, tell, understand, whosoever [heareth], witness.

S.  Shin (3 with yuds) 300 ✡ eternal flame | two front teeth 

M.  Mem 40 ✡ (water) fountain of Wisdom | water

'.  Ayin 70 ✡ divine providence, | eyes |

“And Moses went up to God, and the Lord called to him out of the mountain, Say this to the house of Jacob and tell the Israelites: You have seen what I did to the Egyptians, and how I bore you on eagles' wings and brought you to Myself. Now therefore, if you will obey My voice in truth and keep My covenant, THEN you shall 

be My own peculiar possession and treasure from among and above all peoples; for all the earth is Mine. And you shall be to Me a kingdom of priests, a holy nation [consecrated, set apart to the worship of God]. These are the words you shall speak to the Israelites.”

‭‭Exodus‬ ‭19:3-6‬ ‭AMP‬‬


“And Elohim said unto Moshe, Eh-heh-yeh ashair Ehheh- yeh (I AM WHO I AM); and He said, Thus shalt thou say unto the Bnei Yisroel, EHHEH-YEH (I AM) hath sent me unto you.”


Shemot‬ ‭3:14‬ ‭OJB‬‬

יהוה Yahovah | From 1961; (the) self Existent or eternal; Jehovah, Jewish national name of God:--Jehovah, the Lord. Compare 3050, 3069.

“You shall not use or repeat the name of the Lord your God in vain [that is, lightly or frivolously, in false affirmations or profanely]; for the Lord will not hold him guiltless who takes His name in vain.”

‭‭Exodus‬ ‭20:7‬ ‭AMP‬‬

אלהים 'elohiym | Plural of 433; gods in the ordinary sense; but specifically used (in the plural thus, especially with the article) of the supreme God; occasionally applied by way of deference to magistrates; and sometimes as a superlative:--angels, X exceeding, God (gods) (-dess, -ly), X (very) great, judges, X mighty.

NAME on'-om-ah | from a presumed derivative of the base of 1097 (compare 3685); a "name" (literally or figuratively) (authority, character):--called, (+ sur-)name(-d).

1097 ghin-oce'-ko | a prolonged form of a primary verb; to "know" (absolutely) in a great variety of applications and with many implications (as follow, with others not thus clearly expressed):--allow, be aware (of), feel, (have) know(-ledge), perceived, be resolved, can speak, be sure, understand.



“Thou shalt not take the Shem Hashem Eloheicha in vain; for Hashem will not hold him guiltless that taketh Shmo in vain.”

‭‭Shemot‬ ‭20:7‬ ‭OJB‬‬



ק tseh'-dek, tsedeq


  • 1) justice, rightness, righteousness
  • 1a) what is right or just or normal, rightness, justness (of weights and measures)
  • 1b) righteousness (in government)
  • 1b1) of judges, rulers, kings
  • 1b2) of law
  • 1b3) of Davidic king, Messiah
  • 1b4) of Jerusalem as seat of just government
  • 1b5) of God's attribute
  • 1c) righteousness, justice (in case or cause)
  • 1d) rightness (in speech)
  • 1e) righteousness (as ethically right)
  • 1f) righteousness (as vindicated), justification (in controversy), deliverance, victory, prosperity
  • 1f1) of God as covenant-keeping in redemption
  • 1f2) in name of Messianic king
  • 1f3) of people enjoying salvation
  • 1f4) of Cyrus

PRIEST כהן kohen 525 | Active participle of 3547; literally one officiating, a priest; also (by courtesy) an acting priest(although a layman):--chief ruler, X own, priest, prince, principal officer.

Gen 14:18 Melchezidek

כהן kahan | A primitive root, apparently meaning to mediate in religious services; but used only as denominative from 3548; to officiate as a priest; figuratively to put on regalia:--deck, be (do the office of a, execute the, minister in the) priest ('s office

Kaf 20 power to actualize potential "Palm" | open palm

Hei 5 expression thought speech | man w/ arms raised. (take)

Nun 50 heir to the throne, fish | sprout seed

  • 1) priest, principal officer or chief ruler
  • 1a) priest-king (Melchizedek, Messiah)
  • 1b) pagan priests
  • 1c) priests of Jehovah
  • 1d) Levitical priests
  • 1e) Zadokite priests
  • 1f) Aaronic priests
  • 1g) the high priest
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